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If you visit your dentist on a regular basis, it is to maintain good oral hygiene, to get the right preventive care and the necessary treatment in case of problems. One of the oral health conditions that we usually treat at our Blainville dental clinic is tooth decay.
Tooth decay is a common condition. Unfortunately, because we hear about it so often, many people overlook the importance of preventing cavities and treating them quickly when they appear in their teeth. However, cavities can have serious consequences on your dental health if they are not taken care of, which is why it is important to see your dentist regularly in order to get the right care when your condition requires it.
The formation of dental caries and its consequences on the health of the smile
Bacteria found inside our mouths are responsible for the formation of cavities. Indeed, these bacteria feed on the sugar present in the food residues that are deposited on our teeth. They then produce acids that attack the enamel of the teeth. Small holes form on the surface of the enamel: these are the dental cavities which are then in their first stage.
If the decay is not detected, the bacteria will continue to degrade the enamel, and then attack the underlying parts of the tooth: the dentin, which lies under the enamel, and the dental pulp, which lies at the heart of the tooth and contains the nerves and blood vessels. As tooth decay progresses, symptoms may appear, including tooth pain or hypersensitivity. However, tooth decay is often asymptomatic in its early stages, so it can only be detected and diagnosed by the dentist. Without regular dental check-ups, the decay can progress freely. It is not uncommon for symptoms to appear and for patients to consult us about them when the integrity of their tooth is already compromised.
Untreated cavities can lead to advanced infection and the formation of an abscessed tooth, which can cause severe pain and will require treatment. In the worst cases, when decay reaches the dental pulp, it can lead to necrosis (death) of the dental nerve. In such cases, the tooth must be extracted or a root canal must be performed. The best way to prevent the complications associated with tooth decay is to see a dentist for regular checkups.
Stages of dental caries
and the associated treatments
The evolution of dental caries
- Caries first affects the enamel of the tooth. There is a high risk that it will be asymptomatic. Your dentist can detect it during an examination. At this stage, it is possible to treat the cavity with a filling;
- The dentin is affected. This is the part of the tooth between the enamel and the pulp (yellowish in color and less solid than the enamel). At this stage, the decay can cause the tooth to become hypersensitive. We use a filling to treat the decay.
- The dental pulp is affected by decay. At this stage, the patient is likely to experience severe pain because the nerve of the tooth may be affected by the infection. Your dentist must then perform a root canal to remove the pulp that is infected pulp. The tooth that has received a root canal may be covered with a dental crown to strengthen it.
Fillings to treat tooth decay
Dr. Seica, your dentist in Blainville, provides quality fillings for the treatment of dental cavities.
Our team will be able to perform a restoration perfectly adapted to the affected tooth.
- Composite restoration : white in color, these restorations offer an aesthetic result by matching the natural color of the teeth. This type of restoration is useful on both front and back teeth that are affected by decay;